Physical and emotional well-being, as well as eating healthy, are all part of living a healthy lifestyle. On the whole, nutrition is the most essential factor that affects one’s health. The key to achieving good health is to hit the right nutritional balance. Too much or too little of either will do more harm than good and introduce health risks into our bodies. Hence, nutritional imbalances like overnutrition and undernutrition may lead to serious health problems. 

People nowadays consume supplements to ensure they have all the necessary nutrients their bodies require. However, one fact they may have overlooked is that everyone is born differently and lives differently as well. Nutritional requirements vary from person to person, so consuming off-the-shelf supplements can lead to health problems such as overnutrition, as people may consume nutrients that their bodies do not even require. 

Overnutrition is a form of malnutrition that happens when you consume more of a nutrient or nutrients than you need every day, or when you consume too much food to the point where it is hazardous to your health. Most nutrients can be harmful in excess; the danger of overnutrition is primarily associated with overweight and obesity, but it can also lead to nutrient deficiencies or even acute poisoning. 

On the other hand, undernutrition is the complete opposite of overnutrition. It is an alarming symptom of nutrient deficiency when a person does not eat enough food. As a result, undernutrition may manifest as dry and inelastic skin, dry and fragile hair, or even being underweight. Doctors typically diagnose undernutrition based on the person’s appearance, height, and weight, as well as information about diet and weight loss. It is also important to note that the symptoms of undernutrition’s health risks do not usually occur immediately, but rather develop gradually over time. 

Micronutrient deficiencies can be treated by changing one’s diet. It is also helpful to incorporate dietary supplements into the diet that have been prescribed by a doctor or a certified health consultant. Moreover, avoid taking megadoses of dietary supplements without first determining what your body requires. The simplest way to avoid overnutrition and undernutrition is to sign up for a personalised supplement package that tailors specific dietary supplements for every individual based on the data gathered from their DNA and their very own lifestyle. 

In short, before consuming any supplements, it is important to know whether the potential benefits outweigh the risks. It is advisable for people to consult their doctors or health professionals about consuming any supplement to avoid signs of overnutrition or undernutrition. Until then, be judicious about your use of supplements.

Alcohol has been consumed by people of various cultures for thousands of years. It has long been a part of the drinking culture, the set of traditions, and the social behaviors that surround the consumption of alcoholic beverages as a recreational drug and social lubricant. Alcohol, specifically ethanol or ethyl alcohol, is the ingredient found in beer and wine that causes intoxication; it is organically formed when yeast ferments the sugars in different foods. For example, wine is made from the sugar in grapes, beer from the sugar in malted barley, and vodka from the sugar in potatoes, beets, or other plants. 

Although alcohol is naturally formed by all-natural ingredients, it is also a highly addictive psychoactive chemical. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), alcohol consumption is a ‘causal factor in more than 200 disease and injury conditions. 

Perhaps the key to health and happiness is moderation in all things. In the case of alcohol consumption, the proverb appears to be true. Moderate drinking is key! While appropriate drinking may provide health benefits, the result of drinking alcoholic beverages is dependent on consumption. At lower doses, alcohol can act as a stimulant, inducing feelings of euphoria; however, drinking too much alcohol all at once can lead to drowsiness, respiratory difficulties, coma, or even death. 

Alcohol has effects on every organ in the body, especially the liver and the pancreas, and these effects vary with blood alcohol concentration (BAC) over time. When a drink is swallowed, the alcohol is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream, and the drowsy effects are felt within 5 to 10 minutes. It typically reaches a peak in the blood after 30 to 90 minutes and is thus carried throughout the body’s organs.

The liver is the only organ capable of metabolizing alcohol, hence our bodies metabolize the most alcohol in the liver, making it the organ most vulnerable to alcohol consumption. Heavy drinking can cause alcoholic fatty liver and liver inflammation, which are symptoms that stop the liver from functioning properly.

Other than the liver, excessive drinking can also cause the pancreas to become inflamed, a condition known as pancreatitis. In severe cases, heavy drinking can lead to acute, short-term, and chronic pancreatitis, which is usually caused by the accumulation of excess alcohol consumption over time.

Other effects of excessive alcohol consumption on body parts include:

• brain and nervous system

• eyes

• heart 

• intestines

• kidneys

• liver

• lungs

• mental health

• pancreas (sugar digestion)

• skin 

The other drawback of excessive drinking is the reaction of alcohol and medication. Alcohol interacts strongly with a wide range of drugs, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, herbal medicines, and illegal drugs.

Reactions of alcohol and medication include increasing the sedating effect of sleeping pills and opiate-based pain relief, increasing the potential for aspirin to irritate the stomach, as well as increasing the potential of paracetamol to damage the liver. 

In closing, excessive alcohol consumption has never been beneficial to the body. Though it has some benefits, the risks and disadvantages simply outweigh the health benefits. Therefore, when it comes to drinking, it is critical to be cautious of any medication reaction and practice the guidelines of moderate drinking.